A wave of crowdfunding campaigns started by investors and others is offering new financing for companies in the tech, biotech, healthcare and consumer industries.
Here are some of the biggest and most prominent: Uber has raised $1.6 billion from more than 500 investors, including billionaire entrepreneur Peter Thiel, who gave $100 million last year.
It has also raised $100,000 from the US government, with another $100.3 million coming from a consortium of venture capital firms.
Billionaire investor Chris Dixon raised $50 million for an online marketplace where consumers can order products and services from suppliers.
Google also raised a record $4.5 billion from venture capitalists, including a $1 billion seed round led by Sequoia Capital and Andreessen Horowitz.
Amazon has been investing in several startups, including the $1 million-plus company Amazon Fulfillment and Delivery.
The US government also funded $2.5 million in seed money in Amazon’s new e-commerce business.
IBM has raised a whopping $15 billion in funding for its cloud-computing business.IBM, founded in 1904, has raised more than $35 billion.
As of last September, the company raised $9 billion from investors including Google Ventures, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Accel Partners, Andreessen Brothers and Sequoias Venture Capital.